MARPOL stands for the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships. This convention was adopted under the name International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships in November of 1973 at the International Maritime Organization (IMO), with the goal of pollution prevention and reduction, whether accidental or as a result of normal operations. However, this convention, with further changes, did not take effect or gain its current title until October of 1983. The purpose of the IMO and MARPOL is to guide states (countries) in best maritime safety practices and standardize safe operating procedures with international cooperation.
Aleutian Spray Fisheries, Inc., Ocean Peace, Inc., and United States Seafoods, LLC, have each been fined by the EPA for violations of the Clean Water Act. A total of four vessels from these three companies were found to have violated seafood waste discharge permit regulations in Alaskan waters. According to regulation, such waste must be ground to an half-inch or less in order to facilitate waste dispersal at sea, and appropriate records of sample-taking and regular inspections must be maintained on board each vessel. The EPA found the Aleutian Spray and United States Seafoods violations in 2011 and the Ocean Peace violation in 2010.
The EPA announced on August 10 that Seattle-based Icicle Seafoods, Inc. and its subsidiaries have agreed to pay $430,000 in fines for violating the Clean Air Act.
Early the afternoon of July 6, the Coast Guard received a report from Dutch Harbor that there was an ammonia leak on board Seattle-based 353-foot pollock processor F/V EXCELLENCE. According to reports, EXCELLENCE had 20,500 pounds total of ammonia on board; this leak is believed to be emanating from a 5,000 pound tank. It's not known yet how much ammonia has escaped. At the time of that report, while EXCELLENCE was still moored at a cold storage dock, the Unalaska Fire Department marked out a 500-foot safety zone and tried to reduce the escaping ammonia vapors by spraying EXCELLENCE with water.
It's been announced that American Seafoods Company, LLC, and its sister company, Pacific Longline Company, LLC, both of Seattle, must pay a $700,000 penalty, phase out their use of ozone depleting refrigerants, and perform restitution for multiple violations, which include illegally importing over 70,000 kilograms of R-22 between 2006 and 2009, failures to promptly repair ozone depleting refrigerant leaks, failures to make certain repairs were adequate, failure to employ certified repair personnel, and failure to keep accurate repair records.